- (1679-1718)Irish-English poet, born in Dublin, he graduated M.A. from Trinity College, Dublin, in 1700. He was ordained priest in 1703, installed minor canon of St. Patrick's, Dublin in 1704, and was made archdeacon of Clogher in 1706 and doctor of divinity by Dublin University in 1712. His Homer's Battle of the Frogs and Mice was published in 1717. He was taken ill at Chester, where he died and was buried in the churchyard of Holy Trinity Church. According to his friend Alexander Pope (see entry) Parnell was an amiable character but too fond of the drink. Pope, although younger, offered Parnell advice on his poems and in return relied on Parnell's scholarship in his translation of the Iliad. The best of Parnell's poems are "The Hermit, the Fairy Tale," "Hymn to Contentment," and "Hesiod, or the Rise of Woman." Parnell's "Night Piece on Death" is said to have influenced Thomas Gray's (see entry) "An Elegy Written in a Country Church Yard." Some of his other poems: "A Tavern Feast," "Hezekiah," "The Isle of Wight," "The Test of Poetry," "The Vigil of Venus," "To Mr. Pope."Sources: Chapters into Verse, Vol. I: Genesis to Malachi. Robert Atwan and Laurance Wieder, eds. Oxford University Press, 1993. Dictionary of National Biography. Electronic Edition 1.1. Oxford University Press, 1997. Encyclopædia Britannica Ultimate Reference Suite DVD, 2006. The National Portrait Gallery (www.npg.org.uk). Poems on Several Occasions of Thomas Parnell. Alexander Pope, ed. H. Lintot, 1737. Samuel Johnson's Lives of the English Poets, 1779-1781 (http://www2.hn.psu.edu/Faculty/KKemmerer/poets/preface.htm). The Columbia Granger's Index to Poetry. 11th ed. The Columbia Granger's World of Poetry, Columbia University Press, 2005 (http://www.columbiagrangers.org). The Oxford Companion to English Literature. 6th edition. Margaret Drabble, ed. Oxford University Press, 2000.
British and Irish poets. A biographical dictionary. William Stewart. 2015.
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Parnell, Thomas — ▪ Irish author born 1679, Dublin died 1718, Chester, Eng. Irish poet, essayist, and friend of Alexander Pope (Pope, Alexander), who relied on Parnell s scholarship in his translation of the Iliad. Parnell s poetry, written in heroic couplets,… … Universalium
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Parnell, Thomas — (1679 1718) Poet, b. and ed. in Dublin, took orders in 1700, and was Vicar of Finglas and Archdeacon of Clogher. The death of his young wife in 1706 drove him into intemperate habits. He was a friend of Swift and Pope, a contributor to the… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
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